best data collection methods
According to P.V. In the interview two persons are not merely present at the same place but also influence each other emotionally and intellectually. According to Biesanz and Biesenz “the case study is a form of qualitative analysis involving the very careful and complete observation of a person, a situation or an institution.” In the words of Goode and Hatt, “Case study is a way of organizing social data so as to preserve the unitary character of the social object being studied.” P.V. They produce results that are easy to summarize, compare, and generalize. P.V. Interviews and focus group discussions, as we shall see later, are instrumental in overcoming this shortfall of questionnaires. Analysis may rely heavily on experts who must know what to observe and how to interpret the observations once the data collection is done. Note: This article was originally published on 26 August 2015, then refreshed and updated on 16 August 2017. G.W. Hi how can one find the pdf version of this article? Some of the popular methods of data collection are as follows: Observation method has occupied an important place in descriptive sociological research. Making direct observations of simplistic phenomena can be a very quick and effective way of collecting data with minimal intrusion. It is a mutual interaction of each other. Technically, however, there is a difference between these two terms. The success of schedule largely depends on the efficiency and tactfulness of the interviewer rather than the quality of questions posed. It is the most significant and common technique of data collection. Thus the main difference between them lies in the method of obtaining data. It enable… In similar fashion, W.J. Response rates can be quite low. There is not one “best” data collection technique — every process comes with pros and cons. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Observation seeks to ascertain what people think and do by watching them in action as they express themselves in various situations and activities. Interviews are the most suitable technique for surveys that touch upon complex issues like healthcare and family welfare. Since the individual is not asked to describe about himself directly and since he is provided with stimulus in the form of a photograph or a picture or on ink- blot, etc., the responses to these stimuli are construed as the indicators of the individual’s own view of the world, his personality structure, his needs, tensions and anxieties etc., says Bell. Did you know there are actually 8 types of observation for data collection? Analysis of questionnaire responses is concerned with what people think and do as revealed by what they put on paper. It is the most significant and common technique of data collection. Observation: Observation method has occupied an important place in descriptive sociological research. Often the term “questionnaire” and “schedule” are considered as synonyms. I need your work as reference. Any quantitative data collection method capturing information in numbers, figures, or values and enabling mathematica and statistical analysis is best to conduct the quantitative research. The recent evolution of technology has given researchers powerful tools and dramatically transformed the ways that researchers interface with their subjects. It gives the researchers a chance to view both sides of the coin and build a balanced perspective on the matter. This will bury the diversity of opinion that may have otherwise emerged. Respondents can take these questionnaires at a convenient time and think about the answers at their own pace. Data Collection Methods: It is important to note that for collection of the secondary data, no need to use specific methods. It is simply stated as a social process in which a person known as the interviewer asks questions usually in a face to face contact to the other person or persons known as interviewee or interviewees. The responses in interview are revealed by what people express in conversation with the interviewer. Seeing is believing, they say. There is the possibility of missing out on the complete picture due to the lack of direct interaction with sample subjects. The interviewee responds to these and the interviewer collects various information from these responses through a very healthy and friendly social interaction. The questionnaire can reach every corner of the globe if the medium allows for it. Often the interviewee may also ask certain questions and the interviewer responds to these. Infrastructure requirement and preparation time are minimal for simple observations. Instead of writing the response, the interviewee or subject gives the needed information verbally in a face-to-face relationship. The stimuli applied in projective tests may arouse in the individuals, undergoing the tests, varieties of reaction. The Quantitative data collection methods, rely on random sampling and structured data collection instruments that fit diverse experiences into predetermined response categories. Information gathering can be from a variety of sources. Very useful for my research.I appreciate,thanks. It helps the researchers corroborate the facts instantly; any inaccurate response will most likely be countered by other members of the focus group. Secondary data collection methods are most appropriately used when the market researcher is exploring a topic which already has extensive information and data available and is looking for supplementary insights for guidance. The psychologists and psychiatrists had first devised projective techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of patients afflicted by emotional disorders. Nice explanation about ways of data collection, Pingback: How to Bounce Back From a Business Slump - IntelligentHQ, This is relly sufficient.
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